Defecto baja cubrición en pintura

Poor paint coverage is an application problem that is intrinsically linked to colour matching during the repair. Poor paint coverage will make the lower coats become visible, resulting in a noticeable colour mismatch.  

As professionals, knowing the causes of poor paint coverage will help optimise colour matching, thus achieving greater productivity and profitability during the repair, and avoiding having to repeat work processes. 

What is poor paint coverage?

Poor paint coverage causes the paint substrate or undercoat to become transparent, thus altering the final colour of the repaired part with respect to its adjacent parts.

In most cases, having a painting system with a high coverage and excellent colorimetrywill be your best ally to prevent this application defect.

Problema de baja opacidad en pintura

However, there may also be other causes that lead to low opacity of the finish paint. As professionals, you must know all these causes and their possible solution.

Let us now look at what causes a poor paint coverage in car paint, and its possible solution:

Causes and solutions for poor paint coverage

The reasons why this paint defect may appear have to do with several factors:

1. Poor coat thickness

A low micronage of the coating during the finish process may result in poor paint coverage.

To avoid this, apply the paint micronage established by the manufacturer in its technical data sheet to achieve a correct opacity of the finish coat.

2. Uneven intermediate coat colour

An uneven and non-uniform application of the intermediate coat colour, usually of the filler paint, can lead to differences in opacity of the finish paint. 

In addition, an incorrect preparation of intermediate coats can also influence the appearance of this defect.

3. Correct choice of filler shade with respect to the finish paint

Use a filler paint shade that matches the colour of the finish paint coat, especially in low opacity colours

Generally, as is the case with BESA, it will be the colour management software that will indicate the filler colour that best suits the chosen finish colour, thus optimising colour matching in the repair.

4. Excessive dilution of the mixture

An excessively diluted mixture, or in other words, a poor application viscosity can influence the coverage power of the paint and its correct opacity. 

To prevent this, always follow the amount and type of thinner that is specified by each manufacturer in their technical data sheet, to optimise the dilution according to the type of application and context (temperature, humidity, size of the part, etc.).

5. Use of paints with low opacity pigments

The use of poor coverage paints, made with low opacity pigments, will increase the possibilities of achieving a poor coverage of the finish paint. This is why, you should use a painting system of proven quality such as URKIMIX PRO, a product designed to optimise coverage and colorimetry in the workshop.

How to solve poor paint coverage

Once the paint has dried, inspect the repaired part to assess the actual extent of the defect. To do that: 

  1. Light contrast check

    It may be advisable to perform a contrast check by turning off the booth lights and inspecting the surface with a daylight lamp.
    This method will allow to better assess the opacity level of the finish coat and its matching with respect to adjacent parts.

  2. Opacity test

    A recommended practice would be to perform a colour opacity testbeforehand. Prepare different paint test cards (or contrast cards) and apply the colour mixture on them. Then, compare them with the surface to know for sure the correct level of coverage, thus ensuring an optimal colour adjustment without the need to repeat the repair again.

  3. Apply colour until the correct match is achieved

    If a colour mismatch resulting from a poor coverage of the finish paint is detected, apply colour until you achieve a correct coverage and matching.

If you have applied the final clear coat…

If the final clear coat has already been applied, you will have no choice but to tint the entire repaired surface, and finally apply the finish paint again.